1. RIMSKI MOST/MOST NA PLANDISTU (ROMAN BRIDGE – BRIDGE AT PLANDISTE)
The old stone bridge over the Bosna River was built some time between 1530 and 1560 on the route of the old road from West Bosnia to Herzegovina. Some argue it was built by Rustem-pasha but it remains uncertain. The stone parapet (korkaluk) holds a stone plaque dating back to the Roman reign. It is assumed the bridge was originally built during the Roman period and was later rebuilt (Ottoman period) by using the material of the original bridge. This is one of the best preserved bridges from the Ottoman period
2. Alley in Ilidza and Vrelo Bosne
An attractive promenade from the spa – tourist complex Ilidza to Vrelo Bosne, planted with trees of plane-trees and chestnuts in length of 3.5 kilometres, represents the most beautiful alley in B&H. The alley consists of 726 trees of maple-leaved plane-trees, planted in 2 rows in 1892, and dozens of wild chestnut trees planted in 1888. This green “tunnel” has always represented a genuine tourist attraction and a peculiar monument of Nature.
Ilidza is located 12 km from the centre of the city at the foot of the Mt. Igman. Ilidza was the first settlement in Sarajevo back in the Neolithic period. The name was derived from the term iladz – the one who heals, as Ilidza was known to Romans and their ancestors as the thermal, spa and healing centre of Sarajevo. Ottomans recognized the same values and continued to inhabit Ilidza and built numerous spas. During the Austro-Hungarian period, Ilidza was a trendy place as well.
Some of the most valuable remains of other civilizations who lived here in the past are the Roman settlement Aquae S… (present day the Archaeological Park), the Roman Bridge (Bridge at Plandiste dating back to the 16th century) and a hotel complex with additional facilities and amenities built during the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy. Today, modern spa hotel facilities use these springs and natural thermal spa water in some of their rehabilitation treatments.
The three-kilometre long avenue of plane trees and horse chestnuts runs from Ilidza to Vrelo Bosne. The alley has over 700 trees dating back to 1880’s. The spring (Vrelo Bosne) rises at the foot of Mt. Igman and has over 60 karst springs. It has recently been proclaimed a natural monument due to its morphological, hydrological, botanical and horticultural features.
This is one of the locals’ favourite outdoor spots. Many visitors take a coach – ride along the tree avenue dating back to the Austro-Hungarian period (the first coach ride was established in 1895). The coach-ride fare is 10 euros (approximately 20 KM). Along the coach-riding alley, there are two narrow walking paths on each side.
Sports and recreational outdoor venue, Stojcevac, is also very close to Vrelo Bosne. It is very popular for bicycle riding, jogging, skating, etc…
3. National Museum of Bosnia and Herzegovina – Zemaljski muzej BiH
The museum was established in 1888 but is housed in a present day building from 1912. The building was designed by Karel Pařik and represents the oldest contemporary western institution in the country. It has four pavilions hovering over a beautiful Botanical Garden. The open areas in the front, back and throughout have a few valuable medieval tombstones – stecak. Archaeology, Ethnology and the Natural Sciences are the three departments operating within the museum. The biggest attraction is a so-called “blue room” in which a 14th century Jewish manuscript Haggadah is kept.
Sarajevo Haggadah is the Jewish religious manuscript produced in the late fourteenth century in Spain. It features a number of illustrations portraying scenes and symbols of the Passover ritual. Many evidence shows it was brought to Bosnia and Herzegovina by Sephardic Jews who were expelled from Spain. The author and the exact date are unknown but it is certain it was produced as a weeding gift.
Haggadah is handwritten on bleached calfskin and has 142 parchments and is thus a unique. Its pages are stained with wine, evidence that it was used at many Passover Seders. It is owned by the National Museum of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Zemaljski muzej), where it is on permanent display in a so-called “blue room”. Prior to 1894, it belonged to the Kohen family (Cohen)
4. Historical Museum of Bosnia and Herzegovina – Historijski muzej BiH
Originally established under the name the “Museum of Revolution” in 1945, the museum represents a timeline of Bosnia and Herzegovina from the arrival of the Slavs to the present day. In 1993 the museum was renamed The Historical Museum of BiH. The exhibition on the 1992-1995 war is very impressive. The museum display is comprised of over 400.000 historical items
5. Museum of Literature and Theatre Arts of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Established in 1961. The museum is located in a mid-19th century house which belonged to a Sarajevan Orthodox family by the name of Despic. The Museum features 67 literature and 17 theatre art collections as well as 20 thousand other museum items. The ground floor houses the Mak Art Gallery.
6. Sarajevo Museum
Established in 1949, it houses nine thematic collections, a library, a collection of photographs and six annexes: Brusa-bezistan, Svrzo’s House, Despic’s House, Jewish Museum, Museum of Alija Izetbegovic and Sarajevo 1878 – 1918 Museum.
7. LATINSKA CUPRIJA (LATIN BRIDGE)
Latinska cuprija is a bridge built in the late 18th century by the Sarajevo tradesmen Hadji Abdulah Briga. It was named after the Latinluk/Frankluk settlement (settled by Dubrovnik colony) and it goes under two names Latinska or Franacka cuprija. A few renovation works (mainly 1886 and 1917) took place but the original appearance was kept. It is a fine example of the late Ottoman bridge construction style.
On 28th June 1914 the assassination of the Austro-Hungarian heir to the throne, Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife took place near the bridge
The Cathedral of Jesus’ Heart is the Vrhbosna archbishop’s diocese. It was built based on Josip Vancas’ design in Neo-Gothic style with traces of Neo-Romanesque in reference to the Notre Dame Cathedral in Dijon and was completed in 1889. The exterior is a combination of yellow and reddish stone. Two towers over 40 meters high dominate the front. The west tower holds a church bell. The east tower has five smaller bells. The front is also ornamented with a rose window combining decorated stone and tracery, with a statue of Jesus Christ below it. The construction was originally initiated by the Vrhbosna Archbishop Josip Stadler whose tomb now nests inside the church
9. STARA PRAVOSLAVNA CRKVA (OLD ORTHODOX CHURCH
OF THE ARCHANGELS MICHAEL AND GABRIEL)
The first written record about the church dates back to 1616. The church is located in the old part of town, Bascarsija. It is a rectangle stone structure with a tinge of Islamic architecture. Interestingly, the church’s width exceeds the height. Some important relics brought here from all over the world are kept in a church’s museum or the church itself. The holy relics of St. Thecla, a saint of the early Christian Church given as a gift to the Old Church by Arsenij IV Jovanovic, the Patriarch is one of the most valuable relics. The museum was erected next to the church by Jeftan Despic 1890. The museum keeps old manuscripts, art works, books, church attire, ethnographic artefacts, archaic tools and coins
10. ALI-PASHA’S MOSQUE
The mosque was built by Hadim Ali-pasha, the governor of the Budapest administrative district (budimski begler-beg) in 1560. It was designed in reference to classic Istanbul mosques and reveals a serenely beautiful building simplified to one comprehensive shape. The porch carried by four stone columns and three smaller domes continue into the central part under the large dome
11. CAVLJAK AND BARICE
Cavljak and Barice are outdoor spots located 9 km from the city center. Cavljak extends towards Bukovik, Crepoljsko and the Skakavac Waterfall. Both are ideal for a family day out, lunch or recreational activities